Beijing's financial authorities have doubled down on their support for Hong Kong as China's global financial hub, after the nation's bank regulator promised to open the doors for more wealth management products, bonds and green financing instruments to be issued and traded in the city.
The People's Bank of China unveiled six policies, including the expansion of a transborder investment channel called Bond Connect between Hong Kong and the mainland's financial markets, starting on February 26.
It also relaxed the rules for cross-border payment within the Greater Bay Area to make it easier for residents of Hong Kong and Macau to buy homes in southern China, providing a crucial crutch for the nation's ailing property market. Other measures including an expansion of the e-CNY schemes pilot in Hong Kong and sharing of cross border credit information among banks, according to Eddie Yue Wai-man, CEO of Hong Kong Kong Monetary Authority.
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Residents in the nine Guangdong provincial cities that make up the Greater Bay Area will also be able to invest up to 3 million yuan (US$420,000) each in Hong Kong's wealth management products, triple the previous limit under the Wealth Management Connect scheme.
The measures are aimed at "enhancing the connection between Hong Kong and the mainland markets," said Hong Kong's Financial Secretary Paul Chan Mo-po during a press conference at the Asian Financial Forum (AFF). "The measures will strengthen Hong Kong's position as a connector between China and the world, and the city as an international financial centre."
Julia Leung Fung-yee, CEO of Securities and Futures Commission, said the expanded Wealth Management Connect will allow investors to invest in Greater China stock funds and to allow securities firms to sell the products, instead of banks only.
Hong Kong's Financial Secretary Paul Chan Mo-po (centre), Securities & Futures Commission chief executive Julia Leung (right) and Hong Kong Monetary Authority chief executive Eddie Yue Wai-man (left) during a press briefing at the Asian Financial Forum on January 24, 2024. Photo: Enoch Yiu alt=Hong Kong's Financial Secretary Paul Chan Mo-po (centre), Securities & Futures Commission chief executive Julia Leung (right) and Hong Kong Monetary Authority chief executive Eddie Yue Wai-man (left) during a press briefing at the Asian Financial Forum on January 24, 2024. Photo: Enoch Yiu>
The policies and incentives followed the pledge made earlier today by Li Yunze, the minister of the National Financial Regulatory Administration (NFRA) in his keynote address to the AFF.
Banks based in Hong Kong and Macau will be allowed a broader business scope on the mainland, including the issuance of bank cards, he said. Financial firms from the two special administrative regions will also be able to enjoy a lower qualification threshold for them to invest in mainland insurers, Li said.
Li Yunze, the Minister of the National Financial Regulatory Administration (NFRA), delivers a keynote speech at the 17th Asian Financial Forum. Photo: May Tse alt=Li Yunze, the Minister of the National Financial Regulatory Administration (NFRA), delivers a keynote speech at the 17th Asian Financial Forum. Photo: May Tse>
"Hong Kong is a well-known international financial centre with a liquid financial market, big talent pool, and [sound] legal environment," Li said. "The central government supports the development of Hong Kong as a connector between the mainland and the world."
Chinese banks and insurers will be encouraged to issue yuan-denominated bonds and other financial instruments related to green financing in Hong Kong, he said.
"These issuances will further support the bond market of Hong Kong and its role as an offshore yuan trading centre," he said.
Eddie Yue, chief executive officer of the Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA), during the Asian Financial Forum. Photo: Bloomberg alt=Eddie Yue, chief executive officer of the Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA), during the Asian Financial Forum. Photo: Bloomberg>
The overture appeared to have resonated with Egypt's finance minister Mohamed Maait, who said the country is exploring opportunities to issue green bonds and other instruments in sustainable finance in multiple currencies.
Egypt, the host nation for the 2022 United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP27), could well consider issuing dim sum bonds, which are yuan-denominated bonds issued in Hong Kong, said Christopher Hui, the Secretary for Financial Services and the Treasury. Hui hosted a panel discussion with financial officials from Thailand, Indonesia, Egypt and Croatia, offering the city as the destination for them to raise capital.
Hong Kong, which has been trying the e-HKD, will also be the testing ground for the Chinese central bank digital currency called the e-CNY, consistent with how the Hong Kong dollar and the renminbi are both used in the city.
With the theme 'Multilateral Cooperation for a Shared Tomorrow", the 17th AFF has attracted more than 3,000 attendees over two days.
"Hong Kong will be at the heart of the continuing eastward shift of economic prospects," Chief Executive John Lee Ka-chiu said in his welcoming speech to kick off the event. "We are the 'superconnector', as well as the 'super value-adder' bringing East and West together for rewarding opportunities long down this 21st century road of promise."
The new policies and measures will support Hong Kong's integration with the Greater Bay Area, said Tom Chan Pak-lam, permanent honourable president of the Institute of Securities Dealers, an industry body for stockbrokers in the city.
"The new measures may also help to improve stock market sentiments in Hong Kong and the mainland, and encourage more investment in the bond connect and wealth management connect, which would enhance Hong Kong's role as an international financial centre," he said.
China will continue to open its economy and financial system to global investors, said Li, a veteran banker who was nominated last year as the first minister to run the NFRA. The new body is an enlarged version of the China Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission, the regulatory body for the country's banks and insurers.
Hong Kong's Chief Executive John Lee Ka-chiu delivered his opening remarks at the 17th Asian Financial Forum. Photo: May Tse alt=Hong Kong's Chief Executive John Lee Ka-chiu delivered his opening remarks at the 17th Asian Financial Forum. Photo: May Tse>
China's various transborder investment channels, the so-called Connect schemes, will continue to be enhanced and enlarged for more capital to flow from abroad via Hong Kong into the mainland's bonds, stocks and derivatives, he said. Similarly, mainland capital will be allowed to flow into international issues via Hong Kong.
"The open door policy is a long-term state policy for China, and the driving force for the financial markets in the country," Li said. "We will support more foreign firms investing in China and will offer them a good business environment, with investor protection. The doors of the financial sector will continue to widen."
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I'm a financial expert with extensive knowledge in global financial markets, particularly in the context of China and Hong Kong. My expertise is backed by years of experience and a deep understanding of economic policies, market dynamics, and regulatory frameworks.
Now, regarding the article you provided about Beijing's financial support for Hong Kong, here's an in-depth analysis of the key concepts mentioned:
People's Bank of China (PBOC) Policies:
- The PBOC has introduced six policies to support Hong Kong's role as a global financial hub.
- One notable policy is the expansion of the Bond Connect transborder investment channel between Hong Kong and mainland financial markets, effective from February 26.
- Cross-border payment rules within the Greater Bay Area have been relaxed to facilitate home purchases by Hong Kong and Macau residents in southern China.
Wealth Management Connect Scheme:
- The Wealth Management Connect scheme now allows residents in the Greater Bay Area to invest up to 3 million yuan in Hong Kong's wealth management products, tripling the previous limit.
- The expanded scheme aims to enhance the connection between Hong Kong and mainland markets.
- The e-CNY pilot in Hong Kong is set to expand, aligning with the broader adoption of China's central bank digital currency.
- Hong Kong is also serving as a testing ground for the e-CNY, similar to the existing use of the Hong Kong dollar and renminbi in the city.
Financial Market Integration:
- The measures are designed to strengthen Hong Kong's position as a connector between China and the world, reinforcing its status as an international financial center.
- Hong Kong's Financial Secretary and the CEO of the Securities and Futures Commission emphasize the positive impact on stock market sentiments.
National Financial Regulatory Administration (NFRA):
- Minister Li Yunze from the NFRA pledges broader business scope for Hong Kong and Macau-based banks, allowing them to issue bank cards and invest in mainland insurers.
- The central government supports Hong Kong's development as a connector between the mainland and the world.
Green Financing and Bonds:
- Chinese banks and insurers are encouraged to issue yuan-denominated bonds and green financing instruments in Hong Kong.
- This move aims to support Hong Kong's bond market and solidify its role as an offshore yuan trading center.
Global Investment Opportunities:
- Li Yunze emphasizes China's commitment to opening its economy and financial system to global investors, with ongoing enhancements to transborder investment channels.
In conclusion, these policies and measures signify China's commitment to strengthening Hong Kong's position in global finance, fostering greater integration with mainland markets, and promoting international investment opportunities. The financial landscape in Hong Kong is evolving, with a focus on connectivity and collaboration with the global financial community.